UpdateTime：2020-01-15Source: Shandong Fu Animal Husbandry Technology Co., LTD
No more pigs? Expert: after 20 years, 60% will be "artificial meat", the Chinese Academy of Engineering started
No more pigs? Expert: After 20 years, 60% of them will be "artificial meat", and the Chinese Academy of Engineering has launched the "cultivation of meat" strategy
On January 3, the China Association for Science and Technology released the "Expert interpretation of the top 10 Hot Words for Food Safety and Health in 2019". Wang Shouwei, director of the China Comprehensive Meat Research Center and President of the Beijing Food Science Research Institute, explained that "artificial meat" is the landmark product of the future food, and the agency predicts that the global market share of "artificial meat" will reach 60 percent by 2040. At present, the "artificial plant meat" national standard is being developed, no timetable; Meanwhile, the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) has launched the "Strategic Research on the development strategy of Bio-bred Meat" project, which will study "cultured meat" from the strategic level.
The global "artificial meat" market will reach 60% by 2040
According to Wang, the rise of "artificial meat" stems from new challenges facing the development of human society. "Artificial meat" is a generic term used by consumers and the media to refer to a type of food that is not naturally produced and has a meat-like taste, but it is not a formal term. At present, "artificial meat" is usually divided into plant protein meat and cell cultured meat.
'Artificial meat' has great commercial potential, and increasing investment in science and technology is an important direction for the industry to develop in the future." Wang Shouwei said, in recent years, plant protein meat, the main processing technology at home and abroad has been increasingly mature, a number of companies in China has developed plant protein meat products with plant protein as raw materials, the market growth is very rapid; Some domestic research institutions and enterprises also have many years of research and development practice, and some products are listed. The use of animal stem cells to produce cell-grown meat has also made significant progress, with several foreign companies announcing that they can develop cell-grown meat in the laboratory.
According to a recent report by Kearney global Management Consulting, the global market for "artificial meat" will reach 60 percent by 2040, with 35 percent of the meat to be grown in laboratories, known as "cultured meat," and another 25 percent to be plant-based substitutes based on plant-based protein meat.
Wang shouwei said, plant protein meat production market potential, high degree of commercialization, the future development of more similar to real meat products will become the industry or the direction of science and technology. Cell cultured meat is the closest product to real meat, with huge market potential. In the future, it will focus on the two important fields of production cost reduction and large-scale production. Of course, there are still some cutting-edge scientific and technological breakthroughs to be made in biological cultured meat.
The regulatory standards for "artificial meat" need to be regulated
Wang made Suggestions on the regulation of "artificial meat". Scientific and rigorous standards are the cornerstone of the industry's healthy development, he said. In China, the development momentum of plant protein meat industry has been formed at present, and the product category is relatively mature, but the existing regulations and standards do not adapt to the innovation of products and the development of the industry. Internationally, soy hemoglobin, a key compound in plant protein meat, has been approved for sale by the US Food and Drug Administration. Australia and New Zealand food safety authority also announced that the proposed plant protein meat into the food to come, is in the public stage.
"At present, the plant protein meat in Our country still needs further research demonstration." Wang told The Beijing News that the national standard for vegetable protein meat will start in 2019, and will be formally approved in 2020. It still needs to be submitted for approval, solicited opinions and announced. There is no timetable yet. In addition, the Beijing News noted that 2020 will be the year when "plant protein meat" food will be put on the market, and the group standard on "plant protein meat" formulated by the China Plant Food Industry Alliance is expected to be released in the first half of 2020.
For "future food security and supervision, deputy director general of state market supervision administration of food safety production secretary Gu Shaoping speaking to a future food peak BBS in 2019, said in the face of new technologies, new industries and new forms and new mode, the administration will be according to the State Council on strengthening standard matter later regulatory guidelines, according to the principle of encouraging innovation, leave enough development space; At the same time, we should stick to the bottom line of good quality and safety, and further strengthen technical support.
The Chinese Academy of Engineering has launched a research on the strategy of "cultivating meat"
Regarding the development of cell-grown meat in China, Wang said that the research and development of cell-grown meat in China is still in its infancy, but it is developing very fast, and research on standards and regulatory approaches has already begun. He said Sun Baoguo, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and President of Beijing Technology and Business University, formally proposed to the academy in October 2019 to establish a regulatory framework for lab-grown meat. "Now that the proposal has been approved, the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) will officially launch the 'Research on the Development Strategy of Bio-cultured meat' of the CAE Strategic Consulting Project from January 1, 2020, with a tentative duration of one year. "That is to say, one year from now, there will be strategic research results on the technology, standards and supervision of cell-cultured meat, which will effectively promote the technological and scientific development of our country." "Wang told the Beijing News.
Internationally, usda and FDA jointly held a regulatory press conference on cell-grown meat in October 2018. In March 2019, the two agencies further announced that they had established a regulatory framework for lab-grown meat. It has a complete regulatory system, forming a closed-loop management system. The eu's new food regulations specify that food produced from cell-based meat or tissue cultures derived from animals will be regulated as a "new food". Therefore, Wang Shouwei suggested that the management of our country in the future should also be more scientific and rigorous.
In addition, Wang suggested that more investment in science and technology should be made in the innovation and development of "artificial meat" to solve the remaining scientific and technological problems of "artificial meat". At the same time, build perfect regulation system, promote the market development of the artificial meat industry, Suggestions of "artificial meat production to add new components, new production technology system of safety evaluation, in terms of product safety and nutrition evaluation to form a complete set of independent standard system and the regulation of the objective system, promote the benign development of the industry. In addition, in terms of public science popularization, consumers should be guided to correctly understand and rationally consume "artificial meat".
"Artificial meat" offers the possibility of effectively ensuring a future human meat supply, while "artificial meat" offers consumers more choices, Wang said.